The debate in congress was heated and lasted around 13 hours. The Broad Front coalition finally agreed 100% with all 50 members voting in favour. This is just the first step though in legalising marijuana in Uruguay. The senate will now decide whether this controversial plan goes forward, but it is expected to agree that it does.
According to a report in the Guardian: "Uruguay appears poised, in the weeks ahead, to become the first nation in modern times to create a legal, regulated framework for marijuana," said John Walsh, a drug policy expert at the Washington Office on Latin America. "In doing so, Uruguay will be bravely taking a leading role in establishing and testing a compelling alternative to the prohibitionist paradigm."
Currently Uruguay has problematic laws regarding marijuana. It is legal to use the drug but illegal to produce, distribute or sell it. Changes in this law are not popular in Uruguay with about two-thrids of the population against reform and legalisation. Some opponents use the old argument that use of marijuana leads to the use of "hard drugs".
The report continues:
National Party deputy Gerardo Amarilla said the government was underestimating the risk of marijuana, which he called a "gateway drug" for other chemical addictions that foster violent crimes.
"Ninety-eight percent of those who are today destroying themselves with base cocaine began with marijuana," Amarilla said. "I believe that we're risking too much. I have the sensation that we're playing with fire."
If Uruguay's plan goes ahead the government will license growers, sellers and consumers. It will keep and update a confidential registry of marijuana consumers to keep people from buying more than 40g a month.
Will it work?
It is difficult to know if this plan will help control or reduce drug misuse in Uruguay. The current situation in that country however is that, like many orther countries, Uruguay is fighting a losing battle against drugs. The world wide effort to stop the spread of drugs has failed and it has been a costly failure. There is the damage to people and communities and then the financial cost of stopping drug trafficking. Drug barons and cartels operate lucrative businesses around the world but legalising marijuana will hit them hard in Uruguay.
They may however move elsewhere rather than pack up operations.